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Micronutrient enrichment of meals fed to pupils, using highly nutritious and low-cost underutilized fish under the school feeding programme in Ghana.

Summary: Four underutilized fish species, namely woevi or 'one-man-thousand' (Sierathrissa leonensis), flying gurnard (Dactylopterus volitans), common bogue (Boops boops) and anchovies (Anchoa guineensis); as well as tuna frames were used. They were solar and mechanically dried, milled into powder and analyzed for proximate, mineral content, biochemical, microbiological, sensory and shelf life. Characterization of the fish species showed that they are of high nutritional significance in either human food supplements or formulations. They showed high protein content, good general amino profile, abundance of polyunsaturated fatty acids, and a unique source of micronutrients, particularly minerals. The high nutritional value of the products showed their potential for food supplementation in the school feeding programme, although generally these products might be regarded as fish for the poor. Overall acceptability by the school children rated all the foods on the positive side of the hedonic scale, especially banku with anchovies okro stew, rice with tuna frames stew and rice with flying gurnard stew.

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